Sample APA Format Paper

This paper includes notes to reveal some of the elements of the use of the
APA citation form.  Comments at the bottom of the page describe these
matters.  Though the references and the paper appear on the same page,
you should place the references on separate pages from the regular text of






















1.      Double-space the whole paper. Add another two lines between the title and
        the first paragraph.

2.     This source has no individual author (similar to most encyclopedias and
        reference books). Thus,  its title is inserted as a note in parentheses. The full
        citation appears on the "References" page. The standard format for text
        citations is illustrated here. One cites the authors, followed by the date of the
        source, and any page numbers or chapters if necessary.

3.     The citation includes the page of publication since the quotation is from a
        specific location (page numbers should be included in reference notes any time
        that a particular section of a work is cited).

4.     Since the reference is to the entire source, only the last names of the author
        and the date of publication need to be placed in the parentheses. Note also
        that when multiple authors are identified, they are listed with use of an
        ampersand (&) rather than the word "and."

5.     Since the first reference has no individual person as its author, the title of
        the work is used. Book titles are underlined but only the first letter of the
        first word and proper nouns are capitalized.

6.     The date of publication is placed in parentheses and followed by a period.

7.     After the first line of a reference, indent remaining lines (even though
        they usually are typeset that way in journals).   Full first and middle names are
        not used. Instead, the initials for these names are included.  All authors are
        listed with last names first.

8.     For titles of journal articles, only the first letter of the first word and proper
        nouns are capitalized.

9.     After the title of the journal, the volume number is listed (underlined),
        followed by the page numbers on which the article was found. Nearly all
        professional journals have "continuous pagination" throughout the volume—
        this phrase means that page one is used only on the first page of the first issue
        in the entire year’s volume (other issues start on page numbers that pick up
        where the last previous issue stopped). If you cite a source that pages each
        issue separately, you must add the issue number in parentheses immediately
        after the volume number (with no spaces between).
Since there was no DOI
        and this source was obtained in hardcopy, neither the DOI nor any other URL
        information is included after the page numbers.

10.   The first letter of each word in the journal title is capitalized (unlike the
        pattern followed for books).

11.    This volume is not the first edition. Therefore, it is important to list the
         edition number in parentheses before ending the title of the work. The edition
         is not a minor matter and it must not be omitted.

12.    The city of publication is to be listed. If the publisher lists several cities on the
         title page of the book, list the first city identified. In addition to the city of
         publication, the state is indicated (using ordinary post office abbreviations) if
         the city is not familiar to readers or if there is more than one city with the same
         name.  If a book is published in a country outside the U.S., the abbreviation for
         that nation is included in brackets following the city listing.