APA Format Paper
This paper includes
notes to reveal some of the elements of the use of the
APA citation form. Comments at the bottom of the page describe these
matters. Though the references and the paper appear on the same page,
you should place the references on separate pages from the regular text of
Double-space the whole paper. Add another two lines between the
the first paragraph.
source has no individual author (similar to most encyclopedias and
reference books). Thus, its title is
inserted as a note in parentheses. The full
citation appears on the "References"
page. The standard format for text
citations is illustrated here. One cites the
authors, followed by the date of the
source, and any page numbers or chapters if
citation includes the page of publication since the quotation is from a
specific location (page numbers should be
included in reference notes any time
that a particular section of a work is cited).
the reference is to the entire source, only the last names of the author
and the date of publication need to be placed
in the parentheses. Note also
that when multiple authors are identified, they
are listed with use of an
ampersand (&) rather than the word
Since the first reference has no individual person as its author, the title of
the work is
used. Book titles are underlined but only the first letter of the
first word and
proper nouns are capitalized.
date of publication is placed in parentheses and followed by a period.
the first line of a reference, indent remaining lines (even though
they usually are typeset that way in journals).
Full first and middle names are
not used. Instead, the initials for these names
are included. All authors are
listed with last names first.
titles of journal articles, only the first letter of the first word and proper
nouns are capitalized.
9. After the title
of the journal, the volume number is listed (underlined),
followed by the page numbers on which the
article was found. Nearly all
professional journals have "continuous
pagination" throughout the volume
this phrase means that page one is used only on
the first page of the first issue
in the entire years volume (other issues
start on page numbers that pick up
where the last previous issue stopped). If you
cite a source that pages each
issue separately, you must add the issue number
in parentheses immediately
after the volume number (with no spaces
between). Since there was no DOI
and this source was obtained in
hardcopy, neither the DOI nor any other URL
information is included after the
10. The first letter of each word in the journal title is capitalized
pattern followed for books).
11. This volume
is not the first edition. Therefore, it is important to list the
12. The city of
publication is to be listed. If the publisher lists several cities on the
edition number in parentheses before
ending the title of the work. The edition
is not a minor matter and it must not be
title page of the book, list the first
city identified. In addition to the city of
publication, the state is indicated
(using ordinary post office abbreviations) if
the city is not familiar to readers or if
there is more than one city with the same
name. If a book is published in a
country outside the U.S., the abbreviation for
that nation is included in brackets
following the city listing.