Up A Brief Quiz Internet Online Library Searching

Chapter 4

Using Communication Research Sources

 

A Brief Quiz

Internet Online

Library Searching

               

Outline

Concepts

I.  Approaching Research
     Materials
    A.  The Why?
          Research Uses Past
          Work to Develop
          Arguments
         --premises for
            argument
premise: a statement in a logical argument that is the foundation for others drawn from it
         --evidence for
            argument
         --helping balance
            reliance on
            authority and
            empirical data
    B.  The What?
          Purposeful Library
          Research--
          Information to Get
          --definitions of key
             concepts and
             variables
          --ways concepts and
             variables have
             been measured
             and studied
          --summary
             statements about
             the subject
          --classic research
             studies
          --research that
            shows what
            methods to use
         --research that
            shows what
            mistakes to
            avoid
   C. The When? Guiding
         Yourself with a
         Research Outline
II. The How? Managing
    Research Materials
    A. Techniques for
         Bibliographic
         Research


Einstein syndrome
: a misguided approach in which researchers fail to connect their "sudden breakthroughs" with lessons from others (discarding previous lessons as irrelevant)
        1.  Mastering the
              Library
         2.  Practical Skills in
              Bibliographic
              Research


plagiarism
: the act of using another another person's ideas or expressions in your writing without acknowledging the source
annotations: additional explanations, comments, evaluations, or criticisms to help understand material
    B.  Library Research
          Strategies
          1.  General to
               Specific
               (beginning with
               books and
               reviews to find
               key primary
               articles)
          2.  Specific to
               General
               (beginning with
               a few specific
               articles to track
               down other key
               articles)
III.  The Where? The Key
       Library Tools for
       Scholarly Materials
keywords: terms under which information about the topic may be found
      A.  Hierarchical
             Systems for
             Books and
             Collections
       B.  Keyword Indices
            1.  Computer
                 Searches and
                 Databases
                 a. CD-ROM
                     Sources
                 b. On-line
                     Databases
                 c. Using
                     Keywords
                     (steps in
                     electronic
                     searches)
                     1.) select
                          keywords
                          from the
                          problem
                          statement
                     2.) develop
                           alterna-
                           tive lists
                           of
                           descriptor
                           terms
                     3.) combine
                           keywords
                     4.) undertake
                           online
                           activity
            2. Indices and
                Abstracts
IV.  Using the Library
      A.  Conducting the
            Library Session
      B.  Troubleshooting in
             the Library
            1. When the source
                 is unavailable
            2.  When there is
                 "no information
                 on my topic"
            3.  When the
                  journals are
                  missing
            4.  When the
                 material is
                 technical and
                 complex
V.  Using the Internet
      A.  Elements of the
            Internet
            1.  E-Mail E-mail: a system for exchanging messages with other Internet users
            2.  Newsgroups newsgroups: discussion groups composed of Internet users who share a common interest
IRC (Internet Relay Chat): discussion groups in which participants hold "conversations" in nearly real time exchanges
            3.  FTP

 

FTP: "file transfer protocol," which allows Internet users to move files from one computer to the next
            4.  Telnet Telnet: permits Internet users to log on to a computer at some other location and run applications on it
            5.  World Wide
                  Web
World Wide Web: the collection of computers around the world that organizes information using hypermedia (information approaches in which each page of information can contain embedded references to images, sound, and other pages of information)
      B.   Conducting an
             Internet Session
             --basics of using
               a browser
 

browsers: programs that permit users to search and display things on the Internet

            1. Surfing the
                 Internet for
                 Research
                 Information
                 --using
                    Yahoo! to
                    find
                    relevant
                    web sites
                 --saving
                    Internet
                   documents
                   and images
                 --using
                   bookmark
                   files
              2.   Using
                   Search
                   Engines
                   a. automated
                       search
                       systems
                       e.g.,
                       Yahoo!,
                       Alta Vista    
URL: "Uniform Resource Locator," the address of an Internet site
                  b. gophers  gophers: a collection of menus or catalog listings on a topic
                  c. meta-
                       search
                       systems
                       e.g.
                       Dogpile,
                       Inference
                       Find,
                       Northern
                       Light,
                       ProFusion
meta-search systems: tools that search a host of other search engines to find useful information